Smoke and Alcohol Free Media

/ Key Documents and Correspondence

Below you will find key documents that relate to smoke/alcohol free media.

Publications by co-investigators and centre members

Lyons A, McNeill, A, Chen, Y, Britton, J. Tobacco and tobacco branding in films popular in the UK 1989-2008. Thorax. 2010;65:417-22. http://thorax.bmj.com/content/65/5/417.full.pdf+html

Lyons A, & Britton, J. Protecting young people from smoking imagery in films: whose responsibility? Thorax. 2011;66:844-6. http://thorax.bmj.com/content/66/10/844.full.pdf+html

Lyons A, McNeill, A, & Britton, J. Alcohol imagery and branding, and age classification of films popular in the UK. Int. J. Epidemiolo. 2011;40(5): 1411–1419. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3204211/pdf/dyr126.pdf

Lyons A, McNeill A, & Britton J. Tobacco imagery on prime time UK television. Tob Control. http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/early/2013/02/21/tobaccocontrol-2012-050650.full.pdf+html

Lyons A, McNeill A, & Britton J. Alcohol imagery on popularly viewed television in the UK. Journal of Public Health. [in press]

Lyons, A, Tobacco and alcohol in films and on television. Thesis. http://etheses.nottingham.ac.uk/2482/1/Final_dfaft_thesis.pdf

Other UK specific studies and research reports

Waylen A, Leary, SD, Ness, AR, Tanski, SE, & Sargent, JD. Cross sectional association between smoking depictions in films and adolescent tobacco use nested in a British cohort study. Thorax. 2011;66:856-861.

Morgenstern M, Poelen, E, Karlsdottir, S, Jonsson, S, Mathis, F, Faggiano, F, Florek, E, Sweeting, H, Hunt, K, Sargent, J, & Hanewinkel, R. Smoking in movies and adolescent smoking: Cross-cultural study in six European countries. Thorax. 2011 [Includes Germany, Iceland, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, and Scotland]

Anderson SJ, Millett C, Polansky JR, et al. Exposure to smoking in movies among British adolescents 2001-2006. Tob Control;19:197-200.

Millett C, Glantz SA. Assigning an '18' rating to movies with tobacco imagery is essential to reduce youth smoking. Thorax;65:377-8.

Cumberbatch G, & Gauntlett, S. Smoking, alcohol, and drugs on television: A content analysis. London. Available from: http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fstakeholders.ofcom.org.uk%2Fbinaries%2Fresearch%2Fradio-research%2Fsmoking.pdf

Hunt K, Sweeting, H, Sargent, J, Lewars, H, Dal Cin, S, & Worth, K. An examination of the association between seeing smoking in films and tobacco use in young adults in the west of Scotland: Cross-sectional study. Health Education Research 2009;24:22-31.

Studies from around the world

US:
Dalton M, Sargent, JD, Beach, ML, Titus-Ernstoff, L, Gibson, JJ, Ahrens, MB, Tickle, JJ, & Heatherton, TF. Effect of viewing smoking in movies on adolescent smoking initiation: a cohort study. Lancet 2003;362:281-5.

Dalton MA, Ahrens MB, Sargent JD, et al. Relation between parental restrictions on movies and adolescent use of tobacco and alcohol. Eff Clin Pract 2002;5:1-10.

Dalton M, Tickle, JJ, Sargent, JD, Beach, ML, Ahrens, MB, & Heatherton, TF. The incidence and context of tobacco use in popular movies from 1988 to 1997. Preventive Medicine 2002;34:516-23.

Glantz S. Commentary: Smoking in movies: a major problem and a real solution. The Lancet 2003;362:258-9.

Glantz S, Kacirk, KW, & McCulloch, C. Back to the future: Smoking in movies in 2002 compared with 1950 levels. American Journal of Public Health 2004;94:261-3. Lum K, Polansky, JR, Jackler, RK, & Glantz, SA. Signed, sealed and delivered: "Big Tobacco" in Hollywood, 1927-1951. Tobacco Control 2008;17:313-2.

Sargent J, Beach, ML, Dalton, MA, Mott, LA, Tickle, JJ, Ahrens, MB, Heatherton, TF. Effect of seeing tobacco use in films on trying smoking among adolescents: cross sectional study. British Medical Journal 2001;323:1394-7.

Sargent J, Tickle, JJ, Beach, ML, Dalton, MA, Ahrens, MB, Heatherton, TF. Brand appearances in contemporary cinema films and contribution to global marketing of cigarettes. Lancet 2001;357:29-32.

Sargent J, Beach, ML, Adachi-Mejia, AM, Gibson, JJ, Titus-Ernstoff, LT, Carusi, CP, Swain, SD, Heatherton, TF, & Dalton, MA. Exposure to movie smoking: its relation to smoking initiation among US adolescents. Pediatrics 2005;116:1183-91.

Germany:
Hanewinkel R. Smoking in Hollywood movies: impact on teen smoking with special reference to German adolescents. Przegl Lek 2007;64:615-7.

Hanewinkel R, & Wiborg, G. Smoking in contemporary German television programming. International Journal of Public Health 2007;52:308-12.

Hanewinkel R, & Sargent, JD. Exposure to smoking in popular contemporary movies and youth smoking in Germany. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2007;32:466-73.

Hanewinkel R, & Wiborg, G. Smoking in a popular German television crime series 1985-2004. Preventative Medicine 2008;46:596-8.

Hanewinkel R, & Sargent, JD. Exposure to smoking in internationally distributed American movies and youth smoking in Germany: a cross-cultural cohort study. Pediatrics 2008;121:e108-17.

Morgenstern M, Poelen, E, Karlsdottir, S, Jonsson, S, Mathis, F, Faggiano, F, Florek, E, Sweeting, H, Hunt, K, Sargent, J, & Hanewinkel, R. Smoking in movies and adolescent smoking: Cross-cultural study in six European countries. Thorax. 2011 [Includes Germany, Iceland, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, and Scotland]

India:
Arora M, Mathur N, Gupta VK, et al. Tobacco use in Bollywood movies, tobacco promotional activities and their association with tobacco use among Indian adolescents. Tob Control;21:482-7.

Other supporting documents

Smoke free movies, Liverpool campaign: http://www.smokefreemovies.ucsf.edu/pdf/liverpool_openletter1_09.pdf

RCP/UKCTCS. Fifty years since Smoking and health: Progress, lessons and priorities for a smoke-free UK. London: RCP 2012. Available from: http://www.rcplondon.ac.uk/sites/default/files/fifty-years-smoking-health.pdf

The National Cancer Institute. The Role of the Media in Promoting and reducing Tobacco Use. Tobacco Control Monograph No. 19. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health, 2008.

WHO (World Health Organisation). Smoke-free movies: From evidence to action. Geneva: WHO 2011. Available from: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789241502399_eng.pdf

Here are documents from media companies regarding their smoke-free policy.