We assess the determinants and risks to individuals and society as a result of tobacco and alcohol use, and examine how current theorisation of tobacco use and behaviour can be applied to alcohol.
This workstream is led by Professor Marcus Munafo in Bristol and Professor Matt Field in Liverpool, with research groups based in Bristol, Liverpool, Nottingham, Stirling and UCL. The research aims to improve understanding of the key drivers of smoking and harmful use of alcohol. UKCTAS investigators have developed the Behaviour Change Wheel and PRIME theory to describe the process of behaviour change.
A large proportion of the research involves the use of existing datasets, without the need for primary data collection. Some of the datasets are listed below. Additionally, some innovative methodology is used, of which a selection is shown below.
Use of ALSPAC and Health Improvement Network (THIN) datasets, population level models to inform policy planning and identify key targets for intervention
Using 1958, 1970 and Millennium cohorts, and THIN data, to explore trajectories of smoking and alcohol behaviour, and other conduct problems
Explore the health impacts of maternal smoking
Measuring the impact of retail (point of sale) displays
Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to examine associations between differing states of disinhibition and alcohol consumption
Social network analysis
Exploration of norms in different social groups
Social neuroscience methods, including eye tracking and functional Magetic Resonance Imaging (brain scan) technology